[Calling Third-party API - WebService] 4 CXF、AXIS 客户端开发

CXF、AXIS 客户端开发

Posted by Mr.Vincent on 2020-03-22
Estimated Reading Time 7 Minutes
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JAX-WS 规范

AX-WS(Java API For XML Web Service),JAX-WS 规范是一组 XML web services 的 JAVA API,它运行时实现会将这些 API 的调用转换成为对应的 SOAP 消息,是 Sun 公司提出的一套关于 WebService 的开发标准。

CXF 开发客户端

创建 Maven 工程

pom.xml

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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

<groupId>com.example</groupId>
<artifactId>webservice</artifactId>
<version>1.0.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
<packaging>war</packaging>

<properties>
<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
<java.version>1.8</java.version>

<cxf.version>3.3.4</cxf.version>
</properties>

<dependencies>
<!-- cxf 3.3.5 start -->
<!-- cxf-rt-frontend-jaxws -->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.cxf</groupId>
<artifactId>cxf-rt-frontend-jaxws</artifactId>
<version>${cxf.version}</version>
</dependency>
<!-- cxf-rt-transports-http-jetty -->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.cxf</groupId>
<artifactId>cxf-rt-transports-http-jetty</artifactId>
<version>${cxf.version}</version>
</dependency>
<!-- cxf 3.3.5 end -->

</dependencies>

<build>
<plugins>
<!-- Compiler 插件, 设定 JDK 版本 -->
<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
<version>3.7.0</version>
<configuration>
<source>${java.version}</source>
<target>${java.version}</target>
<encoding>${project.build.sourceEncoding}</encoding>
<showWarnings>true</showWarnings>
</configuration>
</plugin>
</plugins>

<!-- 资源文件配置 -->
<resources>
<resource>
<directory>src/main/java</directory>
<excludes>
<exclude>**/*.java</exclude>
</excludes>
</resource>
<resource>
<directory>src/main/resources</directory>
</resource>
</resources>
</build>
</project>

通过 wsdl 生成 java 代码

命令行生成

  • 下载的压缩包里面包含了工具,下载地址:http://cxf.apache.org/download.html
  • bin 目录下运行 wsdl2java 命令,通过 wsdl 生成 java 代码,例:
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    ➜  bin ./wsdl2java http://127.0.0.1:8989/webservice/cxf\?wsdl
    正常执行后,在 bin 目录下会生成一个文件包,里面内容如下:
    14

idea 直接生成

  • 需先在 idea 中配置 webservice 的 CXF,如下图:
    15

  • 通过 wsdl 生成 java 代码如下图:
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    17

客户端

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/**
* @author vincent
* WebService 服务端,cxf 开发
*/
public class WebServiceClient {
public static void main(String[] args) {
JaxWsProxyFactoryBean jaxWsProxyFactoryBean = new JaxWsProxyFactoryBean();
//设置服务的地址
jaxWsProxyFactoryBean.setAddress("http://127.0.0.1:8989/webservice/cxf");
//设置服务的接口
jaxWsProxyFactoryBean.setServiceClass(WebServiceI.class);
//通过工厂获取服务
WebServiceI webServiceI = (WebServiceI) jaxWsProxyFactoryBean.create();
//调用发布的服务方法
String result = webServiceI.sayHello("Vincent");
System.out.println(result);
System.out.println();

//调用发布的服务方法
result = webServiceI.webserviceSave("Vincent", "24");
System.out.println(result);
}
}

AXIS 开发客户端

创建 Maven 工程

pom.xml

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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

<groupId>com.example</groupId>
<artifactId>webservice</artifactId>
<version>1.0.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
<packaging>war</packaging>

<properties>
<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
<java.version>1.8</java.version>

<axis.version>1.4</axis.version>
</properties>

<dependencies>
<!-- axis 1.4 start -->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.axis</groupId>
<artifactId>axis</artifactId>
<version>${axis.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>commons-discovery</groupId>
<artifactId>commons-discovery</artifactId>
<version>0.2</version>
<exclusions>
<exclusion>
<groupId>commons-logging</groupId>
<artifactId>commons-logging</artifactId>
</exclusion>
</exclusions>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.axis</groupId>
<artifactId>axis-jaxrpc</artifactId>
<version>${axis.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.axis</groupId>
<artifactId>axis-saaj</artifactId>
<version>${axis.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>wsdl4j</groupId>
<artifactId>wsdl4j</artifactId>
<version>${axis.version}</version>
</dependency>
<!-- axis 1.4 end -->

</dependencies>

<build>
<plugins>
<!-- Compiler 插件, 设定 JDK 版本 -->
<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
<version>3.7.0</version>
<configuration>
<source>${java.version}</source>
<target>${java.version}</target>
<encoding>${project.build.sourceEncoding}</encoding>
<showWarnings>true</showWarnings>
</configuration>
</plugin>
</plugins>

<!-- 资源文件配置 -->
<resources>
<resource>
<directory>src/main/java</directory>
<excludes>
<exclude>**/*.java</exclude>
</excludes>
</resource>
<resource>
<directory>src/main/resources</directory>
</resource>
</resources>
</build>
</project>

通过 wsdl 生成 java 代码

通过 idea 直接生成(个人推荐 axis 生成,因为 axis 生成的文件最少)

18

客户端

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/**
* @author vincent
* WebService 服务端,axis 开发
*/
public class WebServiceAxisClient {
public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
WebServiceIServiceLocator serviceLocator = new WebServiceIServiceLocator();
String address = "http://127.0.0.1:8989/webservice/cxf";
WebServiceI webServiceI = serviceLocator.getWebServiceIPort(new URL(address));
String result = webServiceI.sayHello("Vincent");
System.out.println(result);
System.out.println();

result = webServiceI.webserviceSave("Vincent", "18");
System.out.println(result);
}
}

案例源码:https://github.com/V-Vincen/webservice

参考:https://blog.csdn.net/hgx_suiyuesusu/article/details/88918192


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